Difference Between Angiography and Angioplasty

Overview

The human heart can sometimes falter due to various heart conditions. When it comes to diagnosing and treating these problems, medical procedures like angiography and angioplasty play pivotal roles. 

While these words may sound similar, they represent distinct stages in the cardiovascular journey.  Let us explore the differences between angiography and angioplasty in this article. Are you aware of the angioplasty and angiography cost in Mumbai, India? Read on to find out!

Understanding Angiography 1

Angiography serves as a diagnostic tool, offering physicians a detailed roadmap of the circulatory system. This procedure involves injecting a contrast dye into the blood vessels. This allows for clear visualisation of the arteries and veins on X-ray images. 

The primary roles of angiography are:

  • Visualising Blockages: It involves identifying narrowings or abnormalities within the cardiovascular system. This offers a comprehensive view of the vascular landscape.
  • Determining Severity: The test helps healthcare professionals assess the gravity of arterial conditions i.e. the degree of blockage.
  • Monitoring Blood Flow: Angiography enables real-time monitoring of circulation. It helps doctors identify areas with compromised blood supply.

Understanding Angioplasty 2

Angioplasty, on the other hand, is an interventional procedure designed to address blockages identified through angiography. Think of it as the next step in the cardiovascular journey. The focus shifts from diagnosis to treatment. 

During angioplasty, a catheter (a thin tube made up of medical-grade materials) with a deflated balloon at its tip is advanced to the site of the obstruction. Once in position, the balloon is inflated. Thus compressing the plaque or fatty deposits against the arterial walls. This procedure effectively reopens the narrowed passage, allowing for improved blood flow. It is known as balloon angioplasty.

The primary roles of angioplasty are:

  • Restores Blood Flow: Angioplasty addresses narrowed or blocked arteries. It is a procedure designed to revive the blood supply to the heart muscles. 
  • Non-surgical Intervention: Unlike open-heart surgery, it is a less invasive method for treating cardiovascular issues.
  • Stent Placement: It may include the insertion of a stent, a mesh-like tube, to help maintain the unobstructed state.
  • Reduced Symptoms: Alleviates issues such as chest pain or discomfort associated with compromised blood flow to the heart.
  • Prevention of Complications: Overcoming further complexities like heart attacks by restoring and maintaining optimal blood flow.

Critical Differences Between Angiography and Angioplasty 3

Understanding the distinction between angiography and angioplasty is crucial for patients. Check the table below for a clear understanding. 

AspectAngiographyAngioplasty
PurposeDiagnostic: Visualises and assesses blood vesselsInterventional: Treats identified blockages
ProcedureContrast dye injection; X-ray imagingBalloon dilation, potential stent placement
TimingPrecedes treatment (diagnostic)Follows angiography, part of the treatment
ObjectiveIdentifies and locates narrowing or blockagesActively addresses and treats obstructions.
Primary FocusVisualisation and assessmentRestoration of blood flow to the heart
Risk ProfileGenerally low riskInvolves some procedural risks
Recovery TimeTypically shorterMay require some recovery time post-procedure

Weighing the Pros and Cons 4

The subsequent points outline the advantages and disadvantages of both angiography and angioplasty. They offer a concise overview of the considerations associated with each procedure.

Pros & ConsAngiographyAngioplasty
ProsMinimally-invasive diagnostic toolProvides precise visualisation of blood vesselsAids in identifying blockages, narrowing, and abnormalitiesGuides cardiologists in formulating treatment plansRestores blood supply to the cardiac musclesNon-surgical intervention, less invasive than open-heart surgeryEffectively addresses and treats identified arterial blockagesAn inflated balloon widens narrowed arteries, potentially with stent placement
ConsLimited to diagnostic purposesDoes not actively address or treat identified obstructions.Involves the use of contrast dye, which may pose risks for some patientsRequires insertion of a catheter, which may cause discomfortInvolves a more invasive procedure compared to angiographyMay carry procedural risks, such as bleeding or infectionPotential for restenosis (re-occurrence of narrowing) in some casesRecovery time required post-procedure

Difference Between Angiography and Angioplasty Costs in Mumbai

It’s important to note that the costs associated with medical procedures can vary based on several factors. This includes the type of hospital, room charges, additional tests, and so on. However, the approximate angiography and angioplasty cost in Mumbai are given below.

Surgery Name Angiography Cost in MumbaiAngioplasty Cost in Mumbai
Minimum Cost ₹ 13,000₹ 1,50,000
Average Cost ₹ 16,000₹ 2,17,500
Maximum Cost ₹ 24,000₹ 2,85,000

Note: The angiography and angioplasty cost in Mumbai mentioned above are just an estimate. Please contact the doctors or hospitals directly for the most accurate information.

Takeaway

In the realm of cardiac care, angiography and angioplasty stand as essential tools for diagnosis and intervention. Angiography provides the roadmap. Meanwhile, angioplasty clears obstacles and restores the blood flow.

While these procedures work in harmony, they should be understood for their unique benefits and purposes. Are you still confused between angiography and angioplasty? If you want to know the detailed angioplasty and angiography cost in Mumbai, then get in touch with HexaHealth.